Common Conditions & Treatments


crowding of the teeth beforeBefore
crowding of the teeth afterAfter

Dental crowding is likely the most common condition treated in Orthodontics. It’s simply an imbalance between tooth size and space available in your mouth. Mild and moderate crowding can be corrected with braces or clear aligners easily, and severe crowding can involve extractions of teeth to create space if necessary.

Open Bite

open bite beforeBefore
open bite afterAfter

In many cases, open bites are caused by habits such as thumb sucking or strong tongue pressure on the back of the top teeth. An appliance can be used to treat an open bite, along with braces. It is best to treat this condition at a young age.

Deep Bite

deep overbite beforeBefore
deep overbite afterAfter

A deep bite is when the top teeth almost completely cover the bottom teeth when biting down. This condition is extremely common and can be treated with various tools such as braces or clear aligners, and is often supplemented with the use of rubber bands. 

Missing Teeth

missing lateral incisors beforeBefore
missing lateral incisors afterAfter

Some people require orthodontics because they are born without the proper number of teeth. Treatment can be done to either close the spaces of missing teeth, optimize the space for restorations by the dentist such as dental implants or bridges, or a combination of both.  In fact, 2.2% of the world’s population is born without a tooth they are supposed to have!


underbite beforeBefore
underbite afterAfter

When the bottom jaw and teeth are further forward than the bottom teeth. This is usually a family trait and is treated best when the patient is middle school aged. Treating an underbite often requires the assistance of an oral surgeon in adults.

Spacing of Teeth

spacing of teeth beforeBefore
spacing of teeth afterAfter

Gaps between teeth is a common issue we treat, and much like crowding is an imbalance in the size of the teeth and the space available for them to fit. Treatment options vary and braces or Invisalign can usually be used to correct this issue. 


overjet beforeBefore
overjet afterAfter

When the top jaw and teeth are further forward than the bottom jaw and teeth.  Typically protrusion or flaring of the front teeth is a common cause. It is best to start treating a patient with an overbite around age 12-14, or the onset of puberty, for the most effective outcome. 

Impacted Teeth

phase 1 beforeBefore
phase 1 afterAfter

When a tooth that is supposed to be in the mouth is stuck elsewhere.  Our team is very experienced in treating patients with impacted teeth. We often enlist the assistance of an oral surgeon to perform a procedure where we work together to slowly and gently pull an impacted tooth into proper placement. 

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